Dangerously Set innerHTML

Improper use of the innerHTML can open you up to a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack. Sanitizing user input for display is notoriously error-prone, and failure to properly sanitize is one of the leading causes of web vulnerabilities on the internet.

Our design philosophy is that it should be “easy” to make things safe, and developers should explicitly state their intent when performing “unsafe” operations. The prop name dangerouslySetInnerHTML is intentionally chosen to be frightening, and the prop value (an object instead of a string) can be used to indicate sanitized data.

After fully understanding the security ramifications and properly sanitizing the data, create a new object containing only the key __html and your sanitized data as the value. Here is an example using the JSX syntax:

function createMarkup() { return {__html: 'First · Second'}; };
<div dangerouslySetInnerHTML={createMarkup()} />

The point being that if you unintentionally do say <div dangerouslySetInnerHTML={getUsername()} /> it will not be rendered because getUsername() would return a plain string and not a {__html: ''} object. The intent behind the {__html:...} syntax is that it be considered a "type/taint" of sorts. Sanitized data can be returned from a function using this wrapper object, and this marked data can subsequently be passed into dangerouslySetInnerHTML. For this reason, we recommend against writing code of the form <div dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{'{{'}}__html: getMarkup()}} />.

This functionality is mainly provided for cooperation with DOM string manipulation libraries, so the HTML provided must be well-formed (ie., pass XML validation).

For a more complete usage example, refer to the last example on the front page.

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